As an original painter, Camuccini belongs to the Neoclassicist school fostered in Rome by Anton Raphael Mengs. Camuccini's first major independent work, completed around 1798, was a large canvas of the Death of Caesar. This led to the assessment that Camuccini may have been influenced by Jacques-Louis David's classic Roman themes and style;[1] but it is more likely both were emerging from the rising Neoclassic refocus towards images of and derived from Greco-Roman themes.

The Roman School of Painting was a School of Italian painting of importance from the mid-15th to the late 19th century. Both Michelangelo and Raphael worked in Rome, making it