Rare Original 1725 English Civil War Map of the Battle of Naseby
Original English Civil War Map of the Battle of Naseby | Dated Ca. 1725 | The early 18th Century engraved map shows the disposition of British Royal forces at the start of the Battle of Naseby | Map is credited to “I. Stuart” at bottom
Original English Civil War Map of the Battle of Naseby | Rare Version Dated Ca. 1725 | The early 18th Century engraved map shows the disposition of British Royal forces at the start of the Battle of Naseby | Map is credited to “J. Stuart” at bottom | The top of the map is inscribed “A Description of His Majestie’s Army of Horfe and Foot, and of his Excellencies Sir Thomas Fairefax: as they were drawn into several Bodies at the Battle of Nasbie June the 14th 1645″ | Laid down, losses at top and bottom, with another small loss at center right | Measures Approx. 18″ W x 14.5”.
The Battle of Naseby was a decisive engagement of the English Civil War, fought on 14 June 1645 between the main Royalist army of King Charles I and the Parliamentarian New Model Army, commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell. It was fought near the village of Naseby in Northamptonshire. After a disappointing performance by the Parliamentarian army at the Second Battle of Newbury at the tail end of the 1644 campaign season that failed to inflict a decisive defeat on the Royalists, Oliver Cromwell worked to push the Self-denying Ordinance through Parliament, intent on re-forming Parliament’s forces into a more effective, centralised force. This political campaign was successful, forming the New Model Army.
After the Royalists stormed the Parliamentarian stronghold of Leicester, Fairfax was ordered to lift his siege of Oxford, the Royalist capital, and engage the King’s main army. Eager to bring battle to the Royalists, Fairfax set off in pursuit of the Royalist army, which was heading to recover the north. The King, faced with retreating north with Fairfax close behind, or giving battle, decided to give battle, fearing a loss of morale if his army continued retreating. After hard fighting, the Parliamentarian army had all but destroyed the Royalist force, which suffered 6,000 casualties out of 7,400 effectives.
Charles lost the bulk of his veteran infantry and officers, all of his artillery and stores, his personal baggage and many arms, ensuring the Royalists would never again field an army of comparable quality. Captured in the baggage train were the King’s private papers, revealing to the fullest extent his attempts to draw Irish Catholics and foreign mercenaries into the war. Publication of these papers gave Parliament an added moral cause in fighting the war to a finish.
Within a year, Parliament had won the first civil war.
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Map of the Battle of Naseby