Facchinetti 19th Century Oil Painting of Rio de Janeiro Bay
19th Century oil painting on linen remounted to board of a scenic bay area view in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, attributed to renown Italian born Brazilian artist Nicolau Antonio Facchinetti (Treviso, Italy 1824 – Rio de Janeiro 1900). Deminsions: 49.13″ W x 37.0″ H x 1.5″ D | The image depicts a Brazilian man in the foreground wearing a white panama hat and a light colored shirt, relaxing on a stone platform overlooking the bay area from a elevated view. The landscape that surrounds him is populated with palms and tropical foliage, the water littered with sailboats and rowboats, people going about their daily rituals as the sun slowly rises, dense engulfing mountains resting against the morning sky. The painting is mounted in a beveled wood frame with decorative applique and gilt finish.
Condition: Condition consistent with age. Heavy craquelure throughout painting, with areas of paint loss in upper left corner. Painting has been mounted to rigid board that has been stained black to the verso. Gesso applique is chipped at places.
About the artist: Nicolau Facchinetti was an Italian painter, designer, set designer and teacher who moved to Brazil in 1849. According to some scholars, Nicolau Antonio Facchinetti would have done course work in Bassano Drawing School, continuing his studies at Veneza. Academy is awarded by the Regia Accademia di Belle Arti in Venice, “a copy of engraving” and work ornaments in 1842 and 1843. Possibly in touch with the work of Ippolito Caffi (1809-1866) and Luigi careens (1824-1887), known landscape painters. In 1849, he moved to Brazil and set up in Rio de Janeiro.
Once in Brazil, Nicolau Facchinetti began painting landscapes, and at the same time is dedicated to teaching drawing and acts as stage designer. In 1868, he obtained a degree in design, awarded by the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts – Aiba. From the mid-1860s, it is scenery of the regions around Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais and Paraíba Valley coffee plantations in Sao Paulo that he painted. The artist traveled to study the characteristics of the region and would sketch landscape scenes on paper that he would then translate to oil on canvas. Nicolau participating in various editions of the General Exhibition of Fine Arts, between 1850 and 1900, winning various awards in 1864 and silver medal in 1865. Nicolau Facchinetti became the subject of historian Donato Mello Júnior, who published a book on the artist in 1982. In 2004, Nicolau Facchinetti’s work was on exhibit, entitled “Nicolau Facchinetti: 1824 to 1900”, at the Centro Cultural Banco do Brazil – CCBB, in Rio de Janeiro, curated by museologist and artist Carlos Martins and historian Valeria Piccoli.
Facchinetti’s paintings have sold extremely well in recent public auctions:
$157,360 at De Arte, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 8, 2014
$338,500 at Sotheby’s New York in November 2010
$82,517 at Bonhams, London, United Kingdom, November 2, 2004
Canvas on Board