Rare Civil War Signed Letter by Confederate Officer Lloyd J. Beall
Civil War Signed Letter by Confederate Military Officer Lloyd J. Beall (d. 1887) | The one page (quarto) Letter (A.L.S.) is from Beall at the “Army Pay Office, Albany NY on July 12, 1854” is written to Sgt. James Davidson at Ft. Constitution, NH
Lloyd James Beall (October 19, 1808 – November 10, 1887) was a United States Army officer and paymaster. However, during the American Civil War, he served as a colonel and as Commandant of the Confederate States Marine Corps. He was the only man to command the Confederate marines throughout the conflict.Beall graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1830. He also attended the Cavalry School of Saumur, France, from 1840 to 1842, to learn the French Army’s system of Dragoon exercise. In 1844, Beall was promoted to major in the U.S. Army. He served in the Black Hawk and Seminole Wars and in the Mexican-American War. He was a U.S. Army paymaster stationed at St. Louis, Missouri when the Civil War began.
A summary of Beall’s US Army career follows: Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1826, to July 1, 1830, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to Bvt. Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1830; Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1830 Served on frontier duty, at Ft. Winnebago, Wisconsin, 1831, and Ft. Armstrong, Illinois, 1831-32; in the Black Hawk War against the Sac Indians, 1832; on frontier duty at Ft. Crawford, Wisconsin, 1832-33; as Adjutant, 1st Infantry, at Regimental Headquarters, March 1, 1833, to June 11, 1836; became First Lieutenant, 2nd Dragoons, June 11, 1836; Captain, 2nd Dragoons, October 19, 1836 to September 13, 1844; at Headquarters of 2nd Dragoons on Regimental Staff duty, 1836-37; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, 1837; in the Second Seminole War, also known as the Florida War, against the Miccosukee Seminole Indians, 1837-38, being engaged in the Action of Locha-Hatchee, Florida, Jan. 24, 1838, and the Skirmish of Kenapapa Prairie, June 17, 1838 while transferring Indians to the West during the “Trail of Tears”; in the Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma 1838-39. Recruiting service, 1839-40; at the Cavalry School at Saumur, France, 1840-42, to learn the French system of Dragoon exercise; at United States Army Cavalry School, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, 1842; on frontier duty at Fort Jesup, Louisiana, 1842-43; on detached service at Washington, D. C., 1843-44; as Member of the Board of Visitors to the U.S. Military Academy, 1843; and again, on frontier duty at Ft. Jesup, Louisiana, 1844; Major, Staff and became Paymaster, U. S. Army, Sep. 13, 1844; in the Army Pay Department, 1844-61, in the Military Occupation of Texas, 1845-56; in the Mexican-American War, 1846-47; in Cincinnati, Ohio, 1847-48; New Orleans, Louisiana, 1848; Washington, D. C. 1848-49; Albany, New York, 1849-54; San Antonio, Texas, 1854-59, and St. Louis, Missouri,1859-61. Resigned from United States Army, April 22, 1861 and joined the Confederate States Army in the rebellion of 1861-65 against the United States.
Siding with the Confederate States of America, Beall tendered his resignation and headed south. Beall was appointed a colonel in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States. On May 23, 1861, the Secretary of the Confederate States Navy, Stephen Mallory, appointed Beall as Colonel Commandant of the Confederate States Marine Corps, the only person to hold that position, and Beall served in that capacity throughout the war.
As an administrator during the war, Beall’s military knowledge and experience remained an untapped resource. He worked hard to have the Confederate Marine Corps receive the personnel, supplies and other benefits accorded to other branches of the military. The training of officers and enlisted Marines took place at the Marines’ Barrack’s Camp Beall, just a short distance south of Richmond, Virginia, at Drewry’s Bluff overlooking the James River. By the end of the war, he had succeeded in helping improve the resources available to the Marine Corps and established a separate Marine training camp in Charleston, South Carolina; several permanent stations on the Mississippi River and Atlantic Seaboard.
Thanks, in part, to Beall’s efforts, the Confederate Marines, called the “Rebel Leathernecks”, gained a reputation for distinguished combat service, on the sea and land.
Books, Maps, Documents and Manuscripts, Collectibles, Documents & Manuscripts, Ephemera, Memorabilia, Militaria
American Civil War, Americana, Autographs, Document, Historical
Artist / Maker
Lloyd J. Beall