Confederate Major General Joseph Johnston

Civil War Confederate Major General Joseph E. Johnston Signature and Photograph

Historic Signature & Photograph Presentation of Confederate Major General JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON (1807 – 1891) | General Johnston led armies at Bull Run and Seven Pines | General Joseph Johnston is best remembered for his stubborn defense of Atlanta and his resistance to Sherman’s March to the Sea | Signature on a lined piece of paper |  Presented with large historic photograph

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  • Historic Signature & Photograph Presentation of Confederate Major General JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON (1807 – 1891) | General Johnston led armies at Bull Run and Seven Pines | General Joseph Johnston is best remembered for his stubborn defense of Atlanta and his resistance to Sherman’s March to the Sea | Signature on a lined piece of paper |  Presented with large historic photograph | Very nicely matted with gilt wood trim, beige matting, in a gilt wood frame | Framed under archival glass | Approx. Measurement: 21″ x 15″ | Fine Condition.

    Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 – March 21, 1891) was a career U.S. Army officer, serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War and Seminole Wars, and was also one of the most senior general officers in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was unrelated to Albert Sidney Johnston, another high-ranking Confederate general during the Civil War.

    Johnston was trained as a civil engineer at the U.S. Military Academy, graduating in the same class as Robert E. Lee. He served in Florida, Texas, and Kansas, and fought with distinction in the Mexican-American War and by 1860 achieved the rank of brigadier general as Quartermaster General of the U.S. Army. When his native state of Virginia declared secession from the Union, Johnston resigned his U.S. commission and became the highest-ranking U.S. officer to join the Confederacy. To his dismay, however, he was appointed only the fourth ranking full general in the Confederate army.

    Johnston’s effectiveness in the American Civil War was undercut by tensions with Confederate president Jefferson Davis, who often criticized him for a lack of aggressiveness, and victory eluded him in most campaigns he personally commanded. However, he was the senior Confederate commander at the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861, and his recognition of the important necessary actions, and prompt application of leadership in that victory is usually credited to his subordinate, P. G. T. Beauregard.

    He defended the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, during the 1862 Peninsula Campaign, withdrawing under the pressure of a superior force under Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan. In his only offensive action during the campaign, he suffered a severe wound at the Battle of Seven Pines, after which he was replaced in command by his classmate at West Point, Robert E. Lee.

    In 1863, in command of the Department of the West, he was criticized for his inaction and failure in the Vicksburg Campaign. In 1864, he fought against Union Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman in the Atlanta Campaign. Facing an enemy with a massive numerical advantage, Johnston’s strategy was to strategically withdraw whenever it was necessary to avoid being surrounded or cut off from his supply lines, while looking for the right opportunity to make a defensive stand. Although he won a minor victory against Sherman at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, the opportunity to make a decisive stand that could turn back the Union tide never came. Fed up with Johnston’s constant withdrawal from Confederate territory, Davis relieved him of command after he withdrew from northwest Georgia to the outskirts of the city.

    In the final days of the war, he was returned to command of the small remaining forces in the Carolinas Campaign. Following a failed attempt to stall Sherman’s advance at the Battle of Bentonville, he surrendered his armies to Sherman at Bennett Place near Durham Station, North Carolina on April 26, 1865. Two of his major opponents, General Ulysses S. Grant and Sherman, made comments highly respectful of his actions in the war, and they became close friends with Johnston in subsequent years.

    After the war, Johnston was an executive in the railroad and insurance businesses. He served a single term as a Democrat in the United States House of Representatives and was commissioner of railroads under Grover Cleveland. He died of pneumonia after serving in inclement weather as a pallbearer at the funeral of his former adversary, and later friend, William T. Sherman.

  • Weight

    5lb.

    Height

    21"

    Width

    15"

    Depth

    1"

    Weight

    5lb.

    Height

    21"

    Width

    15"

    Depth

    1"

    Artist / Maker

    Major General Joseph E Johnston

    Date

    19th Century

    Frame

    Yes

    Kind

    Books, Maps, Documents and Manuscripts, Collectibles, Documents & Manuscripts, Ephemera, Memorabilia, Militaria

    Origin

    American

    Other

    Glass Covering, Matted, Signed

    Subject

    American Civil War

    Support

    Paper