Guercino Oil Painting

17th Century Oil Painting Attributed to Guercino or School of Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri), “Rest on the Flight into Egypt”

Attributed to Italian Old Master Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri; Italian, 1591–1666) or his workshop | Rest on the Flight into Egypt | 17th Century | Oil on Canvas (later laid down on board) | 18th century wooden frame

Additional information
  • Attributed to Italian Old Master Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri; Italian, 1591–1666) or his workshop | Entitled: Rest on the Flight into Egypt | 17th Century | Oil on Canvas (later laid down on board) | 18th century wooden frame | 24″ x 19″ | Condition: canvas has been laid down on what appears to be English Hardboard from early 19th Century; a few scattered accretions; overall craquelure; layer of yellowed varnish, only slight in-painting present; Antique frame has been re-gilt with some losses and scratches.

    Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (1591 –1666), best known as Guercino, or Il Guercino [ɡwerˈtʃiːno], was an Italian Baroque painter and draftsman from the region of Emilia, and active in Rome and Bologna. The vigorous naturalism of his early manner is in contrast to the classical equilibrium of his later works.

    Guercino was born in Cento, a village between Bologna and Ferrara. At an early age he acquired the nickname Guercino (Italian for ‘squinter’) because he was cross-eyed.[2] Mainly self-taught, at the age of 16, he worked as apprentice in the shop of Benedetto Gennari, a painter of the Bolognese School.[3] By 1615, he moved to Bologna, where his work was praised by Ludovico Carracci. Guercino painted two large canvases, Elijah Fed by Ravens and Samson Seized by Philistines, for Cardinal Serra, a Papal Legate to Ferrara. These paintings have a stark naturalist Caravaggesque style, although it is unlikely that Guercino saw any of the Roman Caravaggios first-hand.

    The Arcadian Shepherds (Et in Arcadia ego) was painted in 1618 at the same time of The Flaying of Marsyas by Apollo in Palazzo Pitti. Its dramatic composition is typical of Guercino’s early works, which are often tumultuous. He often claimed that his early style was influenced by a canvas of Ludovico Carracci that he saw in the Capuchin church in Cento. Some of his later works are closer to the style of his contemporary Guido Reni, and are painted with more lightness and clearness.

    Guercino was recommended by Marchese Enzo Bentivoglio to the Bolognese Ludovisi Pope, Pope Gregory XV. The years he spent in Rome, 1621–23, were very productive. From this period are his frescoes Aurora at the casino of the Villa Ludovisi, the ceiling in San Crisogono (1622) of San Chrysogonus in Glory, the portrait of Pope Gregory XV (now in the Getty Museum, and The Burial of Saint Petronilla or St. Petronilla Altarpiece for the Vatican (now in the Museo Capitolini), which is considered his masterpiece.

    After the death of Gregory XV, Guercino returned to his hometown. In 1626, he began his frescoes in the Duomo of Piacenza. The details of his career after 1629 are well documented in the account book, the Libro dei Conti di Casa Barbieri, that Guercino and his brother Paolo Antonio Barbieri kept updated, and which has been preserved. Between 1618 and 1631, Giovanni Battista Pasqualini produced 67 engravings that document the early production of Guercino, which is not included in the Libro dei Conti. In 1642, following the death of Guido Reni, Guercino moved his busy workshop to Bologna and become the city’s principal painter. In 1655, the Franciscan Order of Reggio paid him 300 ducats for the altarpiece of Saint Luke Displaying a Painting of the Madonna and Child (now in Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City). The Corsini also paid him 300 ducats for the Flagellation of Christ painted in 1657.

    Guercino was remarkable for the extreme rapidity of his executions: he completed no fewer than 106 large altarpieces for churches, and his other paintings amount to about 144. He was also a prolific draftsman. His production includes many drawings, usually in ink, washed ink, or red chalk. Most of them were made as preparatory studies for his paintings, but he also drew landscapes, genre subjects, and caricatures for his own enjoyment. Guercino’s drawings are known for their fluent style in which “rapid, calligraphic pen strokes combined with dots, dashes, and parallel hatching lines describe the forms”. Guercino continued to paint and teach until his death in 1666, amassing a notable fortune. As he never married, his estate passed to his nephews and pupils.

    NOTE:  The Painting is expected to undergo some level of restoration by the gallery.  It is currently available and priced for sale in its unrestored and “as is” condition.  Should the purchaser acquire the Painting as is and desire such additional restoration/conservation, Worthington will be happy to provide such services.

  • Weight
















    Artist / Maker



    17th Century








    Re-lined or Re-laid


    Figurative, Religious


    Canvas on Board




    M (up to 30 in.)


    Rest on the Flight into Egypt