Pre-Columbian Wari 24k Gold Appliques (4 items with a stand)
Pre-Columbian appliques (decorations applied to garments) of the Wari ( Huari in Spanish). The Wari were a pre-Incan civilization that flourished in the south-central Andes and coastal area of modern-day Peru, from about AD 500 to 1000. The pictured items are four paper-thin hammered high karat gold sheets that were designed and worn by Wari nobility both during life and after death. In Ancient Peru, as today, gold meant power: emperors wore it, but commoners were not generally allowed to own it. Gold objects like these had their decorations made by hammering them over a stamp-like object to leave designs. One of the designs here is a skull like-face; another is of an animal that may be a cat. Golden emblems like these were sewn into the wrappings around mummified corpses. Size of largest gold artifact is 8.75″ L x 1.5″ W (22.2 cm x 3.8 cm). Certificate of Authenticity from the previous seller (Artemis Galleries) will accompany the items.
Provenance: These artifacts are believed to have been excavated from the Wari (capital of the Wari civilization) ruins in the late 19th century or early 20th century. Worthington’s ethnographic department acquired the artifacts as a unit from the Artemis Gallery, who acquired the items from a Boston, MA collector (previously acquired in 1975). Artemis Gallery is a respected expert in the field of antiquities, especially Pre-Columbian art. Artemis Gallery works with large museums and auction houses around the world, including The Denver Art Museum, Sotheby’s, Christie’s, Arte Primitivo and other market leaders to help with authentication and evaluation of antiquities. A Certificate of Authenticity from the previous seller will accompany the items.
Other Information: The Wari Empire (sometimes spelled Huari) was the first urban and state level society in the sierra region of the Andes, a sophisticated civilization established in the Ayacucho region of Peru during the Middle Horizon (between about AD 550 and 1000). The state grew from its capital city of Huari (or Wari), which had developed urban characteristics (public feasting, storage facilities, monumental complexes, and residential cmopounds), by the seventh century AD. The maximum population of Wari is beleived to be approximately 40,000. The Wari grew corn and bitter potato, raised llama and alpaca. They were connected into a trading network across the Andes, in which figurines, ceramic vessels, textiles and metal objects were made in Wari and traded out.
Compliance: All items herein are legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14, and are guaranteed to be as described or your money back.
Condition: Losses as shown; these are fragile but their designs are clear.
References: Susan E. Bergh (2012). Wari: Lords of the Ancient Andes. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-51656-0. Retrieved 31 August 2013 Version; Jorge E. Hardoy (1964). Pre-Columbian Cities. Taylor & Francis. ISBN10: 0-415-41936-0 (volume).