Apulian Red-Figure Plate

Gorgeous 4th Century B.C. Apulian Red-Figure Plate Depicting Lady of Fashion

Apulian Red-Figure plate depicting lady’s profile wearing very fashionable clothes and jewelry | 4th Century BC; likely 330 – 320 BC | Excellent Condition | Diameter: 8 in (20.3 cm)

Description
Additional information
  • A very attractive Apulian Red-Figure plate depicting lady’s profile and wearing very fashionable clothes and jewelry | 4th Century BC; likely 330 – 320 BC | Excellent Condition | Plate has shallow walls, ring foot, and wide flat rim; at the center is a lady’s head in profile, her hair pulled back with hair pins at the front and tied in a bun; The female figure wears earrings and a pearl necklace, a fillet before her and rosette behind; all within a laurel wreath that circles the outside of the plate’s face | Diameter: 8 in (20.3 cm)

    For masks of very similar style see references below, and Trendall, Red-Figure Vases of Apulia, p. 253, no. 2; For the vessel type Cf. A. D. Trendall, Supplement One to the Red-Figure Vases of Apulia, (1980) Chapter 22.

    Apulia (/əˈpuːliə/ ə-poo-lee-ə; Italian: Puglia [ˈpuʎʎa]; Neapolitan: Pùglia [ˈpuʝːə]; Albanian: Pulia; Ancient Greek: Ἀπουλία) is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south. Its southernmost portion, known as Salento peninsula, forms a “stiletto” on the “boot” of Italy. The region comprises 19,345 square kilometers (7,469 sq mi), and its population is about 4.1 million.

    It is bordered by the other Italian regions of Molise to the north, Campania to the west, and Basilicata to the southwest. Across the Adriatic and Ionian Seas, it faces Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, and Montenegro, The Apulia region extends as far north as Monte Gargano. Its capital city is Bari.

    Apulia is one of the richest archaeological regions in Italy. It was first colonized by Mycenaean Greeks. In the 8th century BC, the Ancient Greeks expanded until they reached the area of Taranto and Salento in Magna Graecia. In the 5th and 4th centuries BC, the Greek settlement at Taras produced a distinctive style of pottery known as Apulian vase painting. A number of castles were built in the area by Frederick, including Castel del Monte, sometimes called the “Crown of Apulia”.

    After 1282, when the island of Sicily was lost, Apulia was part of the Kingdom of Naples (confusingly known also as the Kingdom of Sicily), and remained so until the unification of Italy in the 1860s. This kingdom was independent under the House of Anjou from 1282 to 1442, then was part of Aragon until 1458, after which it was again independent under a cadet branch of the House of Trastámara until 1501. As a result of the French–Spanish war of 1501–1504, Naples again came under the rule of Aragon and the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714. When Barbary pirates of North Africa sacked Vieste in 1554, they took an estimated 7,000 slaves, and the coast of Apulia was occupied at times by the Turks and at other times by the Venetians.

    In 1861 the region became part of the Kingdom of Italy, with the new capital city at Turin. In the words of one historian, Turin was “so far away that Otranto is today closer to seventeen foreign capitals than it is to Turin”.

    Red-figure vase painting is one of the most important styles of figural Greek vase painting. It developed in Athens around 520 BC and remained in use until the late 3rd century BC. It replaced the previously dominant style of black-figure vase painting within a few decades. Its modern name is based on the figural depictions in red colour on a black background, in contrast to the preceding black-figure style with black figures on a red background. The most important areas of production, apart from Attica, were in Southern Italy. The style was also adopted in other parts of Greece. Etruria became an important centre of production outside the Greek World.

    Attic red-figure vases were exported throughout Greece and beyond. For a long time, they dominated the market for fine ceramics. Only few centres of pottery production could compete with Athens in terms of innovation, quality and production capacity. Of the red figure vases produced in Athens alone, more than 40,000 specimens and fragments survive today. From the second most important production centre, Southern Italy, more than 20,000 vases and fragments are preserved. Starting with the studies by John D. Beazley and Arthur Dale Trendall, the study of this style of art has made enormous progress. Some vases can be ascribed to individual artists or schools. The images provide evidence for the exploration of Greek cultural history, everyday life, iconography, and mythology.References:

    Schneider-Herrmann, Gisela. 1977. Apulian Red-Figured Paterae with Flat or Knobbed Handles, Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies Supplement, Vol. 34. no. 8, p. 47, London: Institute Of Classical Studies.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Trendall, Arthur Dale and Alexander Cambitoglou. 1982. The Red-Figured Vases of Apulia. Late Apulia., Vol. 2. no. 456, p. 848, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Eros, no. 519i, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

  • Weight

    1lb.

    Height

    8"

    Width

    8"

    Depth

    1.75"

    Weight

    1lb.

    Height

    8"

    Width

    8"

    Depth

    1.75"

    Date

    4th Century BC

    Kind

    Ceramics, Pottery & Crystal, Ethnographic Art & Ancient Artifacts, Prehistoric Art

    Medium

    Terracotta

    Origin

    Italy