H4404-L92790868

Two Pre-Columbian Jalisco Pottery Pieces

Two Pre-Columbian Jalisco Sheepface Pottery Flats dating from approximately 200 BC.

Description
Additional information
  • A Pre-Columbian Pair of Terracotta Statues from Jalisco in present day West Mexico | From ca. 200 BC to 200 AD | A superb pair of Jalisco pottery flats, two standing females with characteristically tall headdresses, large ear ornaments, and boldly delineated features on their “sheepfaces,” all adorned in red and white slip | These are great examples of statue figures from that region and period.Jalisco_in_Mexico

    The Jalisco area was first settled by nomadic peoples moving south around 15,000 years ago.  Some of oldest evidence of human occupation is found around Zacoalco and Chapala lakes, which used to be connected. This evidence includes human and animal bones and tools made of bone and stone.  Other signs of human habitation include petroglyphs and cave paintings found at Cabo Corrientes, San Gabriel, Jesús María, La Huerta, Puerto Vallarta, Mixtlán, Villa Purificación, Casimiro Castillo, Zapotlán el Grande and Pihuamo.

    Agriculture began in the same region as well around 7,000 years ago, giving rise to the first permanent settlements in western Mexico.  Ceramics began to be produced about 3,500 years ago for both utilitarian and ceremonial purposes. The oldest pieces of Jalisco area pottery are called El Opeño, after an area near Zamora, Michoacán and Capacha after an area in Colima. The appearance of these styles indicates a certain specialization of labor, with distinct settled cultures established by 1000 BCE.  The earliest settled cultures were centered on the site of Chupícuaro, Guanajuato, which has a large zone of influence from Durango east, crossing through modern Jalisco’s north. Sites related to these cultures have been found in Bolaños, Totoate, the Bolaños River Canyon and Totatiche as well as other locations in the Los Altos Region.  Cultures dating to the early part of the Christian era are distinguished by the use of shaft tombs, with major examples found in Acatlán de Juárez, El Arenal and Casimiro Castillo. The use of this type of tomb is unkno wn anywhere else in Mexico.

  • Weight

    4lb.

    Height

    5"

    Width

    3"

    Depth

    .5"

    Weight

    4lb.

    Height

    5"

    Width

    3"

    Depth

    .5"

    Origin

    Mexico

    Date

    B.C.

    Medium

    Terracotta