Pre-Columbian Veracruz Cultures

The history of the native peoples of the state of Veracruz is complex. In the pre-Columbian period, the modern-day state of Veracruz was inhabited primarily by four indigenous cultures. The Huastecs and Otomis occupied the north, while the Totonacs resided in the north-center. The Olmecs, one of the oldest cultures in the Americas, became dominant in the southern part of Veracruz. Remains of these past civilizations can be found in archeological sites such as Pánuco, Castillo de Teayo, El Zapotal, Las Higueras, Quiahuiztlán, El Tajín, Cempoala, Tres Zapotes and San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán .

Estate Sale Etiquette

Successful estate sales and estate auctions depend in part on the behavior of the prospective buyers. Most people innately know many of the dos and don'ts of attending an estate sale. Generally, one should respect others in an estate sale line, and treat them as you would expect to be treated. Hold your place in line with your presence and do not cut in line. Do not rush the door when the estate sale opens. Do not block others from entering the estate sale. Everyone has just as much right to attend, whether they are making a living at it or just enjoying a day out. If someone picks an item up at the sale, do not try to grab it or contest their right to purchase it. If something is marked sold do not remove the sticker. Do not hoard items at an estate sale, especially when you do not intend to buy.

Naïve Art

Naïve art is any form of visual art that is created by a person who lacks the formal education and training that a professional artist undergoes (in anatomy, art history, technique, perspective, ways of seeing). When this aesthetic is emulated by a trained artist, the result is sometimes called primitivism, pseudo-naïve art, or faux naïve art. Unlike folk art, naïve art does not necessarily evince a distinct cultural context or tradition. Naïve art is recognized, and often imitated, for its childlike simplicity and frankness. Paintings of this kind typically have a flat rendering style with a rudimentary expression of perspective.

George Brainerd Burr

Burr was a colorist who believed in the precepts of a daring American Impressionism. Many of his watercolors and oil paintings are brilliantly polychromed with faceted areas of pure color over a bare surface creating a highly saturated and avant-garde example of this variation on the aesthetic of American Impressionism.

Huge End-of-Summer Multi-Estate Sale

Worthington's End-of-Summer Estate Sale includes items from 5 prominent estates in the middle Tennessee area, and has over 1500 items at remarkable liquidation prices. 

Does My Painting Need to be Cleaned?

Does My Painting Need to be Cleaned? Why Might My Painting Need to be Cleaned? Taking care of your paintings is delicate and complex.  As paintings age, the appearance of the image changes not only because of accumulated dirt, but also because aging itself can alter the materials that make up the image.  Methods of removing dirt and other obscuring material requires great skill because any changes to the painting surface may bring about irreversible and damaging results, permanently affecting the aesthetic and monetary value of the work.

Army & Artist: American Artists Wage War From their Easels During WWI

Army & Artist: American Artists Wage War From their Easels During WWI.  While soldiers fought in Europe during World War I, American artists and illustrators waged war from a different front—their easels. War Art, World War I, War Posters, War Related Illustrations.

What Causes a Painting’s Image to Change?

What Makes a Painting's Image Change? After you have owned a painting for a while, you may begin to notice that the image longer appears as clear or sharp as you remember. If the painting has been properly handled and displayed then the changes are probably due to the natural aging of the painting. Described below are aspects of the natural aging process of paintings.

Perspectives on Restoration & Conservation

Perspectives on Restoration & Conservation of Fine Art Paintings - If and When to Restore. Simon Parkes and Sotheby’s Mark Buck discuss current practices in Fine Art conservation and cleaning the Collection of Mrs. Margaret Thompson Biddle. Conservation materials have certainly evolved. Detergents, chemicals and other solvents have changed and improved dramatically over the years. I think it's fair to say that damage caused by restorers has been greatly reduced by the restoration community having access to better materials and information. But it's certainly fair to say that over the centuries, by far the most damage to paintings has been made by people trying to clean, line or retouch paintings, but lacking the knowledge to do so properly. Materials alone don’t ensure safe and good restoration. Thoughtful work, experience and many hours looking at works in public collections, particularly in Europe, are invaluable.