The Truth Behind Art Nomenclature

Because of the large auction houses (e.g. Sotheby's, etc.), the art world has largely accepted certain relatively new words to how artwork (and its authenticity) is described to potential bidders / buyers.  The use of the term "attributed to," "Circle of," "Follower of," "Manner of," and so forth are now used systematically by auction houses. 

Claude Lorrain Claude Lorrain (French: [klod lɔ.ʁɛ̃]; born Claude Gellée [ʒəle], dit le Lorrain; traditionally just Claude in English; c. 1600 – 23 November 1682) was a French painter, draughtsman

The Roman School of Painting was a School of Italian painting of importance from the mid-15th to the late 19th century. Both Michelangelo and Raphael worked in Rome, making it